Can I Give My Dog or Cat \u201cHuman\u201d CBD Oil? The simple answer is yes \u2014 it\u2019s safe to give your pet CBD meant for human consumption \u2014 with a few key caveats: \tDon\u2019t give your pets any cannabis oil with more than 0.3% THC (0.2% in Europe) \tUse smaller doses than what\u2019s recommended on the bottle \tSpeak with your vet before giving your animal CBD if they have any underlying health concerns All animals have an endocannabinoid system \u2014 including some of the most primitive animals like the sea-squirt. This means that animals also have cannabinoid receptors, a key part of the endocannabinoid system, just like humans do. Although animals might process CBD in a different way (which is still under research), they have the necessary mechanisms to receive the benefits of CBD. Cannabidiol may be able to relieve pain, inflammation, and anxiety in animals, just like in humans. But, there are some things you need to know before giving your pet CBD meant for human consumption. Pet CBD Oil vs. Regular CBD Oil: What\u2019s The Difference? In essence, CBD is CBD. The extraction process for both animal and human CBD is the same \u2014 both types should be derived from clean, organic cannabis, and contain less than 0.3% THC (0.2% in Europe). So, CBD products meant for humans is essentially the same thing as CBD oil for pets\u00a0\u2014 with few minor differences in potency and flavor options. What Kind of CBD Oil Can I Give My Pet? Not all types of CBD oils are created equal. But, as long as you\u2019re using THC-free, hemp-derived CBD isolate \u2014 you can give your pet the same CBD oil that you\u2019re using. 1. Always Use THC-Free CBD Products It\u2019s common for pets to end up at the vet as a result of marijuana toxicosis after consuming the marijuana stash of their owners. On the other hand, pets with health issues such as arthritis, cancer, and other chronic conditions can use a controlled dose of medical cannabis to relieve symptoms. Some studies show that THC has low toxicity in animals, while others report fatal cases of marijuana use in pets . It all comes down to the individual dose. The case for giving your pet CBD oil that contains THC is under investigation. Although your pet might benefit from some THC, you should avoid giving your pet marijuana oils with high levels of THC. You should stick to pure, THC-free CBD or hemp oil instead just to be safe. CBD oil with less than 0.3 percent THC is widely considered safe \u2014 it won\u2019t harm your pet. But a high dose could cause side-effects in smaller animals. This could be an issue because of the unregulated CBD oil market \u2014 the levels of THC in a full-spectrum CBD oil for human consumption might be higher than officially claimed by the company. Another issue is the terpenes present in both broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD oil for human consumption. Terpenes such as limonene, peppermint, pine, or tea tree, are essential oils found in a variety of plants \u2014 including marijuana and hemp \u2014 can be harmful to pets, even in small amounts. Here are the three main types of CBD oil for human consumption you will encounter: \tCBD Isolate \u2014 99.99% pure CBD, no THC\u2014 recommended for pets. \tBroad-spectrum CBD oil \u2014 CBD and terpenes, no THC. Use with caution with pets. \tFull-spectrum CBD oil \u2014 CBD, terpenes, 0.3% THC \u2014 this type contains THC but in very small amounts, which is unlikely to affect your pet negatively. Still, it\u2019s recommended to go for the pure CBD isolate oil. CBD Isolate Pet Oils There are some exceptions to this rule, and a few companies making excellent full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD pet oils. These have all been approved by vets to have safe levels of certain terpenes, as well as THC. Full-Spectrum CBD Pet Oils 2. Opt for CBD Oils Without Added SugarPure CBD oil will leave an earthy, bitter taste in your mouth, which is why people disguise CBD oil with their coffee or tea. To cover the real taste of CBD, many manufacturers have started adding artificial flavors, or sugars like dextrose to their products. Animal products also come with flavoring to make them taste more manageable for your animal, like beef, or fish. Although this isn\u2019t going to be harmful in small amounts, taking CBD supplements loaded with artificial sweeteners and sugar can lead to long term health problems for your animal. It\u2019s more beneficial for you and your animal if the CBD oil is sugar-free and doesn\u2019t contain any artificial sweeteners. Just like in humans, excessive sugar can lead to health issues such as diabetes, upset stomach, cavities, and weight gain in pets. Some artificial sweeteners found in sugar-free CBD oil, such as xylitol or grapeseed oil, can be harmful in other ways as well. 3. Use a Dose Lower Than What\u2019s Recommended on the Bottle When giving your pet CBD oil intended for humans, it\u2019s important to remember that our furry friends are smaller and more sensitive to CBD. So, the dose should be much lower. A rule of thumb when giving CBD oil for human consumption is to go low and slowly increase the dose. A good start is 0.25\u20130.50 mg\/lb (0.55 \u2013 1.1 mg\/kg), every day. If you\u2019d like to know more about how to correctly dose CBD oil for cats, dogs, and horses, check out our in-depth guide CBD for Pets. Dosage Guidelines For Pets4. Consider Using CBD Treats Instead Another great way of giving your pet CBD is in the form of CBD dog treats or CBD cat treats. These products are pre-formulated in a tasty biscuit optimized for cats or dogs. This method is the preferred form for most picky dog-owners or those who want the simplest way possible to give your animal CBD. No measuring needed and no mixing the oil in with your dogs\u2019 food. Top 3 CBD Dog Treats Animal CBD Products Are Less Potent\u2026 But More Expensive Animal CBD products contain less CBD, are technically identical with human CBD, but tend to be more expensive. Let\u2019s take a look at the amount of CBD you\u2019re getting for the average price of both human and animal CBD. The average price point of CBD oil for pets is in the range of $0.10 to $0.18 per milligram. Compare this to human CBD oils which are around $0.07 \u2013 $0.12 per milligram of CBD. With that being said, animals require a lower dosage compared to humans, so usually, a 30 mL tincture with 300 mg of CBD equals a month\u2019s supply. In humans, a 30 mL tincture with 300 mg of CBD may last for a week or two, depending on the individual dose you\u2019re using. Average Price Comparison of CBD Oils for Humans Vs. Pet Oils CBD Type Low-end average price High-end average price Amount of CBD Bottle size Price per mg of pure CBD CBD Oils For Pets $40 $60 300 mg 30 mL $0.13 \u2013 $0.20 CBD Oils For Humans $25 $40 300 mg 30 mL $0.08 \u2013 $0.13 Does CBD Really Work for Animals? Research is scarce, but, so far, it shows that CBD is safe for animals \u2014 and may be effective for a few common conditions. 1. CBD May Help Dogs With Osteoarthritis (OS) A 2018 study (funded by a CBD producer) looked into the safety, anti-inflammatory properties, and anti-pain properties of CBD in dogs with osteoarthritis . Researchers found that giving 2 to 8 milligrams (mg) of CBD per kilogram (kg) of body weight, twice a day, can help increase comfort and activity in dogs with osteoarthritis. The study revealed that 80% of the dogs showed improvement in pain and mobility, as measured by the canine brief pain inventory and the Hudson activity scale. The tested dogs showed no side-effects, as reported by their owners. The only negative effect noticed was an increase in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) during the treatment with CBD. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a liver enzyme, whose elevated levels indicate that something is irritating the liver cell membrane. Elevated levels of this enzyme are common in dogs \u2014 veterinarians only get concerned when the levels are too high. Extreme levels of ALP indicate that something is irritating or damaging the dog\u2019s liver. Different reasons that explain elevated ALP levels, including infection, inflammation (osteoarthritis is an inflammatory condition), certain medications, toxic ingestion, and some diseases. But, it\u2019s completely normal for dogs that have elevated ALP to act and appear healthy. 2. CBD May Reduce Epileptic Seizures in Dogs Another study published in 2019, found that CBD helps dogs with epileptic seizures. In the study, one group of dogs was given CBD in addition to seizure medication, and the other group was given a placebo together with seizure medication. The study showed a significant reduction in seizure frequency in the CBD group. The researchers gave the dogs 2.5 mg per kg of CBD-infused oil twice a day for 12 weeks in addition to antiepileptic treatment . It is important to note that the authors of the study noticed an improvement in seizures in both groups, which means that both groups responded to conventional treatment. Further research is needed to determine if a higher dosage of CBD will be effective for reducing seizures in dogs, for 50% or more. Using \u201cHuman CBD Oil\u201d With Pets: The Bottom Line Is it safe to give you cat or dog a \u201chuman\u201d CBD oil? Yes, you won\u2019t harm your pet by giving them some of your CBD oil, as long you are using THC-free, pure hemp CBD oil that doesn\u2019t contain any sugar or artificial flavors. You should also calculate the proper dosage for your pet based on the strength of the CBD oil for human consumption. It is also important to consult your pet\u2019s vet regarding the overall health of the animal before giving them CBD oil \u2014 especially if they\u2019re using any other medications or have underlying health issues. Sources Cited in This Article \tBeaulieu, P. (2005). Toxic effects of cannabis and cannabinoids: Animal data. Pain Research and Management, 23A\u201326A. \tGyles, C. (2016). Marijuana for pets? The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 1215\u20131218. \tGamble, L.-J. (2018). Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 5. doi: 10.3389\/fvets.2018.00165 \tMcGrath, S. (2019). Randomized blinded controlled clinical trial to assess the effect of oral cannabidiol administration in addition to conventional antiepileptic treatment on seizure frequency in dogs with intractable idiopathic epilepsy. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1301\u20131308. doi: 10.2460\/javma.254.11.1301.